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    China Daily專訪國際紡聯主席、中國紡聯會長孫瑞哲:RCEP為中國紡織服裝貿易織就新圖景
    文章來源: 2022-05-27


      日前,國際紡織制造商聯合會主席、中國紡織工業聯合會會長孫瑞哲接受《China Daily》專訪,孫瑞哲表示,涵蓋亞太地區15個國家的《區域全面經濟伙伴關系協定》(RCEP),無疑為中國創造了更全面、更深入的區域產業合作機遇,這將為產業鏈和供應鏈多元化創造戰略價值。

    孫瑞哲
    國際紡織制造商聯合會主席、中國紡織工業聯合會會長
      俄烏沖突持續緊張,我國對俄羅斯和歐洲的紡織品和服裝出口面臨直接壓力。孫瑞哲表示,全球經濟復蘇的不確定性和地緣政治問題正在對我國的紡織服裝行業產生深刻影響。
      在這個背景下,原油、棉花等大宗商品價格居高不下,化纖、棉紡等下游企業利潤空間被明顯擠壓。新冠疫情的反復和全球防疫措施的分化,降低了工業生產和物流的效率,削弱了市場信心和消費能力。
      《區域全面經濟伙伴關系協定》(RCEP)涵蓋亞太地區15個國家。協定的生效,為區域產業更全面、更深入合作創造了新機遇。孫瑞哲指出,這不僅有利于對沖當前產業面臨的經濟貿易風險,而且對于產業鏈與供應鏈的多元化、全球化布局具有戰略價值。
      在RCEP框架下,其他成員國對中國紡織品的自由化承諾超過94%,中國對紡織品的自由化承諾超過95%。孫瑞哲表示,關稅減讓承諾、原產地累積規則、貿易自由化和便利化措施,將有利于同日本等國家在紡織服裝領域建立更密切的合作。
      他補充說道:“RCEP不僅涵蓋貨物貿易,還涉及經濟技術合作、知識產權等領域。先進技術、重要設備、關鍵零部件和新模式的引進,將加快全產業鏈的轉型升級?!?/font>
      根據中國紡織工業聯合會的數據,今年一季度,我國的紡織品和服裝出口同比增長11.1%,達到了722.5億美元。受全球需求減弱和供應鏈問題等外部因素影響,行業運行指標預計上半年會有所回落。去年12月,美國通過H.R.6256法案,試圖阻止新疆產品進入美國市場。此舉也將嚴重影響我國棉紡織服裝商品向美國市場的出口。
      為幫助企業降低風險、提升盈利能力,中國紡織工業聯合會引導行業強化基礎研究和應用創新,取得了顯著成效。行業創新從“跟跑”進入了“跟跑、并跑、領跑”并存階段,在纖維材料、綠色制造、紡織機械等領域突破了一批“卡脖子”難題。
      平臺經濟和內容經濟的發展,推動著傳統品牌升級煥新、新銳品牌涌現崛起。SHEIN、PatPat等電子商務平臺風靡海外。生活方式、消費場景的變革加速市場細分和品類創新,為新品牌發展創造了空間。漢服熱、國牌熱成為當前“新國潮”的發軔。中國自主品牌進入了最好的發展時期。
      孫瑞哲表示,除了促進數字經濟與產業體系深度融合,我國的紡織服裝企業還將努力開拓新市場、研發新技術,更好融入以國內大循環為主體、國內國際雙循環相互促進的新發展格局。
      《China Daily》
      RCEP weaves new relationships for apparel trade
      —China Daily’s interview with Sun Ruizhe, president of ITMF, president of CNTAC
      By ZHONG NAN | China Daily 
      As the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict has put China’s textile and garment exports to Russia and Europe under direct pressure, Sun Ruizhe, president of the Beijing-based China National Textile and Apparel Council, or CNTAC, said the growing uncertainty of global economic recovery and geopolitical issues have had a huge impact on China’s textile and apparel industry. 
      Moreover, affected by geopolitics, the prices of commodities such as crude oil and cotton remain stubbornly high, and the profits of man-made fiber and cotton textile production shrank significantly. Also, the repeated COVID-19 pandemic waves and global divergence in prevention and control measures have weakened industrial production and logistics, which, in turn, have weakened market confidence and consumer spending. 
      He said that the enforcement of the RCEP agreement, which covers 15 countries in the Asia-Pacific region, will create fresh opportunities for a more comprehensive and deeper regional industry cooperation. This will hedge against the current economic and trade risks and generate strategic value for the diversification of industrial and supply chains. 
      Under the framework of the RCEP, over 94 percent of textile and garment products from China to other members will eventually enjoy zero tariffs after a certain period, and the number is over 95 percent for textile and garment products from other members to China. 
      Sun said that the tariff reduction commitments, accumulative rule of origin and trade liberation and facilitation measures will be conducive to a closer relationship between China and other countries such as Japan in textile and garment trade. 
      “RCEP not only covers trade in goods but also engages in economic and technological cooperation, intellectual property rights and other factors. The introduction of advanced technology, important equipment, key components and new patterns will speed up transformation and upgrading of the entire industrial chain,” he said. 
      China’s textile and garment exports soared 11.1 percent on a yearly basis to $72.25 billion in the first quarter, according to the CNTAC. The council predicted that the industry will experience a slowdown in growth in the first half, due to external factors such as weak global demand and supply chain issues. 
      As the bill H.R.6256 passed by the US Congress in December 2021 attempts to prevent the importation of goods produced in China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region into the United States, Sun said this move will hit hard on the exports of Chinese cotton textile and garment goods to the US market. 
      Eager to enhance its earning strength and mitigate risks, the CNTAC and its member companies have made notable progress in both basic and applied research. The industry has shifted its focus from following others to keeping pace and even leading the way. Breakthroughs in technological bottlenecks have been made in the fields of new fibers, green manufacturing and textile machinery. 
      The development of the platform economy and content economy has fueled the upgrading of traditional brands and the emergence of new brands. E-commerce platforms such as SHEIN and PatPat are well-known in overseas markets. The changing lifestyle and consumer behavior have brought new markets and product categories for new brands. The love of hanfu-traditional Chinese dresses-and domestic brands has heralded a new trend known as guochao, a Chinese phrase referring to homegrown style. Domestic brands have entered a high-speed growth period. 
      In addition to facilitating the integration of digitalization into industrial development, Sun said China’s textile and garment companies will work harder on developing new markets via new technologies and the country's dual-circulation development pattern that takes domestic development as the mainstay, with domestic and international development reinforcing each other.
      信息來源:中國紡織、《China Daily》
     
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